Clearwater, FL - (727) 462-5582
Beverly Hills, CA - (310) 975-7033
Ankle AVN and Foot AVN

Avascular Necrosis (AVN) or Osteonecrosis of the Ankle/Foot

Ankle AVN practiced in Tampa, Saint Petersburg and Clearwater, FL
Avascular Necrosis (AVN) or Osteonecrosis of the Ankle/Foot

Tampa, Saint Petersburg, Clearwater, FL & Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, California

Avascular necrosis (AVN) is a condition in which the blood supply to the bone has been disrupted, resulting in avascularity (ischemia), that leads to bone cell death (necrosis).

The extent of the ischemia will determine how much bone may become necrotic.

The ankle/foot may be affected in several ways. The ankle mortise, which is the articulation of the tibia and talus may both be affected. The talus may be solely affected, or the tibia alone.

The navicular bone, adjacent to the talus, may be affected alone, resulting in more foot than ankle pain. Additionally, the metatarsals may be affected, giving rise to forefoot pain.

Other Names for AVN

  • Avascular Necrosis (AVN)
  • Osteonecrosis
  • Ischemic Necrosis
  • Aseptic Necrosis
  • Bone infarction

Symptoms of AVN

Depending on which bone is affected the ankle or foot may be tender and swollen.

Some cases are gradual onset and diagnosis is not early. Post-traumatic AVN, especially after fractures may be confusing with the history of painful trauma, the diagnosis may be delayed or symptoms attributed to the original injury or ensuing surgery for fractures.

Causes of AVN

  • Trauma
  • Idiopathic (unknown)
  • Steroids (cortisone)
  • Alcohol excess
  • Radiation
  • Disease states (Lupus, Gaucher’s, Caisson’s, Sickle cell)


Depending on the severity or joint involvement, recommendations from various specialist may differ. Some almost advise joint replacement surgery as an option in early cases of commonly replaced joints such as the knee or hip.

The ankle and foot are less amenable to joint replacement, and discussions of fusion occur. Patients often desire a conservative treatment route for avascular necrosis of the foot and ankle.

Regenerative Medicine Treatments such as Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) and Stem Cell Therapy have been used successfully in treating AVN of many different regions, besides the ankle/foot. Treating AVN by assisting the body to heal naturally is part of Regenerative Medicine. Stem cells naturally aid the body in healing. By understanding how Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) and Stem Cell Therapy may assist in restoring blood flow and forming new bone, early treatment may occur that may prevent the bone collapse and secondary arthritis from developing.

Dennis M. Lox, M.D., serves patients with ankle AVN in the greater Tampa Bay area, including, Clearwater, St. Petersburg, Tampa, New Port Richey, Sarasota, Orlando and Spring Hill. He also serves patients on the West coast in the Los Angeles Metropolitan area of Bevery Hills, CA.

He has been pleased to accommodate the needs of patients throughout Florida, California, the United States, the Western Hemisphere, and Europe, as well.

Located in the 33765 area, our offices can be reached at (727) 462-5582. Call to schedule your visit today.

Are You Looking to Avoid Surgery?

If you haven't found joint relief should schedule a personal consultation with Dennis M. Lox, M.D., to learn if you are able to get joint relief without the need for invasive surgery.

Stem Cell Therapy in Clearwater, FL and Beverly Hills, CA

Dr. Lox treats the Tampa Bay Metro Area including Clearwater, St. Petersburg, Tampa , Pinellas Park, Palm Harbor, Orlando and Sarasota as well as the Los Angeles Metro Area including Santa Monica and Beverly Hills.

Call our office in Clearwater, FL or Beverly Hills, CA to schedule a consultation with Dr. Dennis Lox.

Clearwater, Florida Office

2030 Drew St.
Clearwater, FL 33765
(727) 462-5582

Beverly Hills, California Office

450 N Roxbury Dr. #602
Beverly Hills, CA 90210
(310) 975-7033

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*DISCLAIMER: Like all medical procedures, those performed by Dennis Lox, M.D. have a success and failure rate. Patient reviews and testimonials on this site should not be interpreted as a statement on the effectiveness of our treatments for anyone else.