Articles - Medical Conditions

Sports Injury Treatment Options: Two Safe & Effective Alternatives to Invasive Surgery

For many athletes, sports injury treatment is not just a physical roadblock; it’s an emotional nightmare. Being sidelined from training is one thing; losing the fitness gains you’ve worked so hard for is another thing entirely. Add in a long, slow rehabilitation process, and it can be hard to stay optimistic – whether you’re a professional athlete or a recreational ...

LEGG CALVE PERTHES SYNDROME DISEASE

LEGG-CALVE- PERTHES SYNDROME (DISEASE): AVASCULAR NECROSIS (AVN) OF THE FEMORAL HEAD Tampa, Saint Petersburg and Clearwater, FL   WHAT IS IT? LEGG-CALVE-PERTHES has been referred to as a syndrome and also a disease of typically children aged 5-12. It may manifest as arthritis into adulthood. It occurs when the blood supply to the femoral epiphysis of the femoral head (long ...

Wrist Avascular Necrosis (AVN) or Osteonecrosis

Wrist Avascular Necrosis (AVN) or Osteonecrosis    Tampa, Saint Petersburg and Clearwater, Fl What is AVN?   Avascular Necrosis (AVN) is a condition in which the blood flow to a region of bone is disrupted and the bone then dies (necrosis). There are many terms in the medical literature for AVN (synonyms). Avascular Necrosis Osteonecrosis Ischemic Necrosis Bone infarction All ...

AVASCULAR NECROSIS (AVN) OR OSTEONECROSIS OF THE ANKLE/FOOT

AVASCULAR NECROSIS (AVN) OR OSTEONECROSIS OF THE ANKLE/FOOT Tampa, Saint Petersburg and Clearwater, Fl   Avascular necrosis (AVN) is a condition in which the blood supply to the bone has been disrupted, resulting in avascularity (ischemia), that leads to bone cell death (necrosis). The extent of the ischemia, will determine how much bone may become necrotic. ...

RISK FACTORS FOR AVASCULAR NECROSIS (AVN)

RISK FACTORS FOR AVASCULAR NECROSIS (AVN)  Tampa, Saint Petersburg and Clearwater, Fl   AVASCULAR NECROSIS (AVN) DEFINITION   AVN is a condition in which the blood supply to a region of bone is disrupted (avascular), rendering the bone without oxygen and nutrition, thus it dies (necrosis).   SYNONYMS   Avascular Necrosis (AVN) Osteonecrosis Ischemic Necrosis Aseptic Necrosis Bone infarction  (ischemic ...

Keinbock Disease: Avascular Necrosis (AVN) or Osteonecrosis of the Lunate

Keinbock Disease: Avascular Necrosis (AVN) or Osteonecrosis of the Lunate Keinbock Disease  Tampa, Saint Petersburg and Clearwater, Fl   Avascular Necrosis (AVN) of the lunate is also known as Keinbock disease. The lunate is a carpal bone in the wrist. Avascular Necrosis (AVN) is also sometimes referred to as aseptic necrosis, osteonecrosis, bone infarction and ischemic ...

ATHLETES WITH OSTEONECROSIS OR AVASCULAR NECROSIS (AVN)

ATHLETES WITH OSTEONECROSIS OR AVASCULAR NECROSIS (AVN) Sports Medicine docotor talks about athletes with Avascular necrosis (AVN) Tampa, Saint Petersburg and Clearwater, FL        Athletes have always had unique needs in Sports Medicine. Accordingly, Regenerative Medicine is no different for athletes. Recent press is flush with reports of elite athletes receiving Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) or ...

Treatment of Avascular Necrosis (AVN) with Alternatives to Surgery

(REGENERATIVE THERAPY) PLATELET RICH PLASMA (PRP) AND STEM CELLS A TAMPA BAY FLORIDA DOCTOR LENDS HIS PERSPECTIVE Tampa, Saint Petersburg and Clearwater, Fl      DEFINITION OF AVASCULAR NECROSIS (AVN) Avascular Necrosis (AVN) is sometimes called (AVN) of the hip osteonecrosis.  Avascular refers to the loss of blood supply (vasculature). Necrosis is ...

SHOULDER AVASCULAR NECROSIS (AVN)

SHOULDER AVASCULAR NECROSIS (AVN) AVN of the shoulder explained by an experienced Tampa Bay doctor Tampa, Saint Petersburg and Clearwater, Fl   Avascular necrosis (AVN) or osteonecrosis of the shoulder is one of the more common sites of presentation of AVN (the hip is first).  WHAT IS AVN? Avascular Necrosis (AVN) is essentially a region of ...

Hip Avascular Necrosis (AVN)

Hip Avascular Necrosis (AVN) Tampa, Saint Petersburg and Clearwater, Fl Avascular Necrosis (AVN) or osteonecrosis is a condition where the blood supply to the bone is disrupted. It commonly occurs in the hip and also may be involved in both hips. Avascular Necrosis may occur spontaneously or of insidious onset (without a known cause). It may follow trauma, or be ...

Knee Avascular Necrosis (AVN)

Knee Avascular Necrosis (AVN)   Tampa, Saint Petersburg and Clearwater, Fl Avascular necrosis (AVN) also referred to as osteonecrosis of the knee can be a debilitating progressive disease of the knee in which the subchondral bone loses vascular supply and a portion of the bone dies.  This can lead to subchondral collapse resulting in severely erosive degenerative arthritis.  Initially, it ...

Arthritis of the Knee

Arthritis of the Knee Tampa, Saint Petersburg and Clearwater, Fl   Arthritis of the knee is a frequent condition that causes patients to seek medical care.  It is a vague generalized term that refers to underlying degeneration of the joint.  The most frequent cause is osteoarthritis or wear and tear arthritis as opposed to autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis ...

What is Abnormal Cartilage Functioning?

What is Abnormal Cartilage Functioning? Tampa, Saint Petersburg and Clearwater, Fl   Most people never give a second thought to whether their cartilage is normal or not. When it is abnormal and pain, stiffness, and loss of mobility and function occur they become acutely aware there is a problem. In order to understand this a frame of reference of what ...

Stem Cell Treatment for Arthritis & Other Joint Conditions from a Board Certified Doctor 

Stem cell therapy for arthritis and other degenerative joint conditions is available from Florida Spine & Sports Medicine Center, the area’s leading center for regenerative medicine. Dennis M. Lox, MD,, its founder and medical director, specializes in minimally invasive stem cell procedures that help reduce inflammation and stimulate the regrowth of cartilage in arthritic joints. These procedures offer safe and ...

Ankle pain that won’t go away

Ankle Pain that Wont Go Away Tampa, Saint Petersburg and Clearwater, Fl   Ankle pain that is refractory to traditional conservative Living with chronic ankle pain? measures often results in suggestions for surgery. Alternatives to ankle surgery in these situations may call upon options for regenerative medicine procedures. Regenerative medicine encompasses a variety of realms in ...

Hip pain that won't go away

Hip pain that won't go away Hip Pain that won't go away often involves consultations with multiple specialists. Primary care, Orthopedic, Neurologic, Rheumatologists, and Rehabilitation specialists. Physical therapists, Chiropractors, acupuncturists, massage therapists - may involve untold time and visits to health care professionals. After exhausting myriads of medical treatments, and many diagnoses. What may be an alternative to considering hip ...

Persistent Elbow Pain

(PRP) and Stem cell therapy from a Tampa Bay Doctor Tampa, Saint Petersburg and Clearwater, Fl Elbow pain may encompass a variety of disorders as it is a region where many different muscles, tendons, nerves, ligaments, and joints are found.  In addition, there are bursas which can be inflamed and intraarticular joint problems such as arthritis ...

Arthritis of the Wrist

Wrist arthritis is most frequently caused by osteoarthritis or wear and tear arthritis.  It may also be the result of inflammatory autoimmune processes such as rheumatoid arthritis.  Osteoarthritis is a progressive arthritic process where the cartilage that separates the bones to the wrist degenerate and may lead to distraction of the bones.  Typical findings are wrist pain, stiffness, and weakness ...

Shoulder pain that won't go away

Chronic shoulder pain is a common presentation to physicians. Multiple treatment modalities and specialists often have proposed extensive regimens of pharmacologic therapy without lasting results. Arthritis pain medications have disappointed over the years as arthritis developed anyway. Pain pills are temporary measures that are fraught with dependence and tolerance over long term usage. Therapy can help, but what if the ...

Hip Disorders

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida The hip joint is the largest joint in the human body. The joint allows for a wide range of motion, while still supporting the weight of the body. The hip is a ball and socket joint, where the thigh bone (femur) ends with a rounded projection or ball (femoral head), which fits into the socket ...

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

 Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a condition whereby the tibial nerve is irritated, causing a burning or tingling sensation. The tarsal tunnel is formed by bone on one border and fibrous tissue on the other. The tunnel is on the medial aspect of the ankle extending from the hind foot at the region of the medial ...

Tarsal Coalition

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Tarsal coalition is a relatively common abnormality, in which a connection develops between two bones in the back of the foot (the tarsal bones). This abnormal connection, which can be composed of bone, cartilage, or fibrous tissue, may lead to limited motion and pain in one or both feet. Tarsal coalition is caused either by ...

Plantar Fasciitis

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Plantar fasciitis is a common source of foot pain. The pain may sometimes be diffuse and be confused with the ankle pain. The plantar fascia is a fibrous aponeurosis (a thick cord-like tissue). It originates off the calcaneus or heel bone and fans out to attach to the plantar surfaces of the phalanges bones (foot ...

 Morton's Neuroma

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Morton’s neuroma is a foot condition that results from chronic irritation of the plantar digital nerve in the foot. It usually occurs in the second or third web spaces radiating to the toes. Sometimes the condition is diffusely painful and patients may complain of not only foot pain but also ankle pain if it radiates ...

 Foot Pain

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida The foot is a very complex set of bones, ligaments, tendons and muscles. It is estimated that at some point in time, 80 percent of people will have some sort of problem with their feet. Many factors affect the condition of our feet: activity level, occupation and other health conditions. Another important factor affecting our ...

 Peripheral Neuropathy

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Peripheral Neuropathy is a disorder of the nerves originating from the spinal cord to the rest of the body. The peripheral nerves make up an intricate network connecting the brain and spinal cord to the muscles, skin and internal organs. Damage to a nerve because of peripheral neuropathy can be tracked to specific areas of ...

 Avascular Necrosis (AVN)\

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Osteonecrosis or avascular necrosis (AVN) is the death of bone tissue due to a lack of blood supply. Osteonecrosis or avascular necrosis can lead to tiny breaks in the bone and the bone's eventual collapse. Blood flow to a section of bone can be interrupted if the bone is fractured or the joint becomes dislocated. ...

 Ankle Pain

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Ankle pain can lead to other problems as the body tries to compensate for a change in gait. The ankle joint is capable of moving the foot in two primary directions: away from the body (plantar flexion) and toward the body (dorsiflexion). The joint is formed by the meeting of three bones: the end of ...

 Knee Pain

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Knee pain is a frequent source of disability and frustration for many individuals. Knee pain may arise from a variety of causes via overuse, athletic injury, auto immune disorders and wear and tear from degenerative arthritis. Anatomy of the Knee The knee joint is a simple yet complex joint, and the anatomy of the knee ...

Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Knee arthritis, also referred to as osteoarthritis, is the wear and tear arthritis from degenerative joint disease - wearing and destroying the joint's cartilage. It particularly occurs in patients who are over 50 years of age, but can occur earlier, especially with previous sports or traumatic injuries. Being overweight tends to exacerbate the symptoms of ...

Back Pain

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Back pain is one of the most common physical condition or problem for which patients go to see their doctor. However, medically speaking, "Back Pain"is a nonspecific term. Back pain is a symptom, or result, of a specific underlying condition or disease. It takes a skilled physician to determine the correct, underlying problem. Once the ...

Gouty Arthritis

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Gouty Arthritis is caused by a defect in the ability of the body to cleanse an over-abundance of uric acid from the system.  The excess uric acid crystals then settle in the collagen tissue throughout portions of the body.  The uric acid crystals are commonly found near the joints.  They are also found where poorly ...

Osteoarthritis

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida The type of arthritis most frequently seen is osteoarthritis or degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease, because it is associated with the aging process. Osteoarthritis affects some 16 million Americans alone (many of whom do not realize they have it).  It causes the cartilage covering the end of the bones gradually wears away, resulting in ...

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Rheumatoid arthritis is an auto-immune disorder in which the body’s immune system attacks one’s own joints and the lining of the joints. This results in painful swelling of the joints and eventually leading to bony erosion. This is different from osteoarthritis, which is a wear and tear degenerative arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the body’s ...

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Ankylosing spondylitis is a form of joint inflammation (arthritis) that is long lasting (chronic) and most often affects the lower back. It causes inflammation and damage at the joints, and first affects the sacroiliac joints between the spine and the pelvis. Ankylosing spondylitis also can affect other areas of the spine and other joints, such as ...

Wrist Pain

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Wrist pain is a common complaint, with many possible causes.  The wrist is a complex joint made up of eight small bones arranged in two rows between the bones in the forearm and the bones in the hand.  Tough bands of ligament connect the wrist bones to each other, and to the forearm bones and ...

Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Sacroiliac joint dysfunction is a painful condition of the sacroiliac joint. It is one of several problems, along with sacroiliac (SI) joint syndrome, SI joint strain, and SI joint inflammation, that have pain as a symptom. The SI joints are formed by the connection of the sacrum and the right and left iliac bones. The ...

Occipital Neuralgia

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Occipital neuralgia is the irritation of one of the nerves that provide feeling in the back and top of the head. Most of the feeling in this area is transmitted to the brain by the two greater occipital nerves, with one nerve on each side of the head. Emerging from between cervical vertebrate, the two ...

Spinal Stenosis

  Clearwater, Tampa, St Peterburg, Florida Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal, causing pressure on the nerve roots, and resulting in pain. This usually occurs in the lumbar spine (low back), occasionally in the cervical region (the neck), and less often in the thoracic spine (in the upper back).  MRIs, CT scans, and EMG studies are diagnostic studies ...

Myofascial Pain Syndrome

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Myofascial Pain Syndrome is an often-overlooked source of chronic pain. It is a chronic problem that affects the fascia – the connective tissue that covers the muscles – and is characterized by painful knots or tightened muscles. Even though the neck and low back are the most frequently encountered areas for myofascial pain syndrome, the ...

Fibromyalgia

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Fibromyalgia is a perplexing and puzzling source of pain for both patients and the physicians who treat them. The reason for this is there is a lot of misinformation about fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is what is known as a syndrome – a collection of symptoms. It is not a disease, because there is not a specific ...

Post Stroke Spasticity

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Post stroke spasticity is a disorder of the nervous system resulting from an injury to the brain caused by a stroke. It is a frequent complication after a stroke, seen in about 35 percent of stroke victims. The disorder affects muscles. A muscle fiber contracts when it receives an impulse from the adjoined nerve. Injury ...

Shoulder Pain

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida The shoulder is the one of the most flexible parts of the human body. Unfortunately, the flexibility of the shoulder makes it an extremely fragile joint. Anatomy of the Shoulder The shoulder joint is composed of three bones: Clavicle (collarbone) Scapula (shoulder blade) Humerus (upper arm bone). Two joints facilitate shoulder movement: The acromioclavicular joint ...

Sciatica

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida   Sciatica is a term describing pain symptoms involving the lower back and radiating down the leg. The word sciatica refers to the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve is formed by the bundle of nerves exiting the bottom of the spinal column, and branching to the pelvis, buttocks and down the back of the leg. Sciatica ...

Muscle Pain

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Muscle Pain is a frequently encountered complaint and condition in medicine. It is often confusing because it presents in conjunction with other problems, such as low back and neck pain. Many medical disorders can present with widespread pain and diffusely involving the muscles. For this reason, a physician skilled in assessing muscle pain is necessary ...

Failed Back Surgery Syndrome

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Failed Back Surgery Syndrome, sometimes referred to as post laminectomy syndrome, refers to patients who have not responded to surgical intervention to relieve back pain. The diagnosis Failed Back Surgery Syndrome itself is considered a "wastebasket" diagnosis, meaning the diagnosis does not add any insights into the patient’s medical condition, other than the fact that ...

Elbow Pain

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Elbow pain, caused by a variety of abnormalities, is increasing in frequency in individuals participating in sports, as well as non-athletic endeavors. Recreational sports, such as weight lifting in gyms and throwing in racquet sports for example, place undue stress on the elbow joint. For more detail on a specific elbow injury, click on a ...

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida

Cervical Dystonia Spasmodic Torticollis  Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Cervical dystonia, also called spasmodic torticollis, is a painful condition in which the neck muscles contract involuntarily, causing the head to twist to one side or to tilt uncontrollably forward or back. Cervical dystonia is a rare disorder that can occur at any age, even infancy, although it most commonly begins ...

Degenerative Disk Disease

Clearwater, Tampa, St Peterburg, Florida Degenerative Disk Disease, also known as Spondylosis, is one of the more common causes of low back pain. Disk degeneration is a natural part of aging and over time, all people will exhibit changes in their disks, showing some degree of degeneration. As the body ages, the spinal disks break down, or degenerate, which may result ...

Herniated Disk or Ruptured Disk

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida A herniated or ruptured disk (sometimes called a "slipped" disk) is a disk that has had its outer ring of annulus ligaments rupture, allowing the nucleus to "leak out" irritating nerves and causing pain. This is similar to an abdominal hernia – where the muscle of the abdominal wall has torn or ruptured, allowing some ...

Bulging Disk

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida A "bulging disk" means just that, it is bulging outside of its normal space between two vertebra. In doing so, the disk may push against a nerve, causing pain. Bulging disks are caused by two common problems: either the natural aging (degenerative) process or from trauma.  A related condition is Cervical Disk Disease or cervical disk herniation. During ...

Chronic Pain vs Acute Pain

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida What is the difference? The answer is simple, yet complex. Acute pain is pain that lasts for a period, and when the body heals, or the underlying cause is treated, the pain stops. The patient and physician understand what is causing the pain; treatment is underway; and it’s just a matter of time before the ...

Arthritis

Clearwater, Tampa, St Petersburg, Florida Arthritis is a common disorder of the bones and joints endured by patients and encountered by the healthcare providers, and refers to joint inflammation. There are over 100 different types of arthritis.  Arthritis can occur for many reasons, including aging, “wear and tear,” autoimmune disease, trauma and inflammatory disease.  Arthritis usually affects the bones and the ...